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The ABC’s of Piping: 5 Basic Pipe Fittings You Need to Know When Drawing A Piping Plan

(PRWEB) October 23, 2012

With the age of CAD (Computer Aided Drafting), piping plans can be easily designed and drawn using pre-drawn piping symbols.

Today piping layouts are usually created using Piping Symbol Libraries. Alternatively other more advance piping programs are available that create these pipe fittings as needed using menu systems and dialogs. Many use the latest ANSI/AWWA or similar specifications so that they are drawn with accuracy.

Piping systems are typically used to transport fluids from one location to another. Pipe systems are used in various industries such as chemical, energy and food.

"In order to creating a piping layout, the CAD user will need a set of Piping Symbols drawn to manufacturers specifications" says Erik Zetterberg owner of SimpleCAD. "Using a good library or piping utility in combination with a good knowledge of what connections work best, the draftsperson can more easily design and draw the pipe system."

Here are the 6 basic pipe fittings you need to know while designing or drawing a pipe plan.

1- An elbow is a pipe fitting installed between two straight lengths of pipe that allow the pipe run to change in direction. A typical elbow usually is a 45 or 90 degrees but other angles include 11.25


Complete Automation of Basic Photo Editing with BatchPhoto Enterprise

Craiova, Romania (PRWEB) February 01, 2012

Bits&Coffee has released BatchPhoto v. 3.1, a powerful all-in-one photo manipulation program for Windows that lets photographers, web designers, business people, and families enhance photos quickly and efficiently. Simply select a group of photographs, and with a single operation annotate, touch-up, apply special effects, convert to different image types, resize, and rename every image in the group.

With BatchPhoto Enterprise the users can automate their photo editing workflow with a consistent process by creating hot folders with associated custom scripts that will only be applied to the newly added images. The Monitor is the new component of BatchPhoto Enterprise, responsible for monitoring an unlimited number of folders on the user's computer, network or sites (through FTP), and for each monitored folder apply a custom set of edits whenever images are added or modified.

For example, with BatchPhoto Enterprise the user can transfer a few hundred RAW images from a DSLR digital camera to a hot folder and in a few minutes have all the images automatically resized, rotated, watermarked with a logo, renamed, converted to TIFF and uploaded to a FTP account. All of this without the user's intervention.

New features in version 3.1 include the Enterprise edition with the new Monitor component, detailed logs with the processed images, new & improved predefined profiles, support for undo & redo in the user interface, a new Polaroid graphical filter, translation to Japanese, and some additional improvements and fixes.

Digital photographers who need to be able to enhance a collection of images with a single operation, real estate or construction professionals who need to process a steady flow of images efficiently, or insurance companies or law firms employees who need to annotate and watermark images for clients, can find BatchPhoto as the right tool for the job. There's even a Home version of BatchPhoto for the amateur photographer who wants to touch up and enhance images more efficiently.

BatchPhoto v. 3.1 runs under Windows 7/Vista/XP. It comes in three editions: Home, Pro, and Enterprise priced at $ 34.95(US), $ 59.95(US), respectively $ 149.95(US) and may be purchased securely online from A free trial version can be downloaded from the same web address.

Since 2005, Bits&Coffee has been developing and marketing image enhancement productivity software for business and home users. In addition to BatchPhoto, the company also offers Image Espresso, a free online image converter and editor that makes it easy to convert, resize, crop, rotate, touch up, and apply effects to images.

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Slim, Stylish and Well-Connected: Introducing the Dell Inspiron Mini 12 — New Addition to the Dell Inspiron Mini Line Expands Personalization Options Available First in Japan Through Bic Camera, Kojima and Sofmap Stores Includes Windows Vista Home Basic, Webcam and Bluetooth

ROUND ROCK, Texas (PRWEB) October 26, 2008

The Inspiron Mini 12 is available initially only in Japan through Bic Camera, Kojima and Sofmap stores and other retail outlets. It will launch online globally by late November with configurations starting under $ 600 (U.S.). Ubuntu and Windows XP


Become IC

Become IC³ Certified and Show You Possess the Knowledge Required for Basic Use of Computer Hardware, Software, and the Internet

Dublin (PRWEB) November 8, 2005

Research and Markets ( has announced the addition of E-Learning Course - Internet and Computing Core Certification (IC³) to their offering.

The Internet and Computing Core Certification (IC³) is the first globally accepted, standards-based, validated certification program for basic computing skills and is often the first certification individuals pursue to show competence in computer skills.

Becoming IC³ certified demonstrates that you possess the knowledge required for basic use of computer hardware, software, and the Internet. The How To Master IC³ Training Solution includes online, CD-ROM, and instructor-led materials for the three exams individuals are required to pass in order to complete the Internet and Computing Core Certification (IC³).

The How To Master IC³ Training Solution online and CD-ROM courses use audio narration, interactive exercises, simulations, graphics, animated tips, and video clips to present training that is easy and enjoyable to use.

These self-paced courses allow learners to progress at their own speed and review lessons as often as desired to become more comfortable and proficient with the concepts and tasks presented.

IC³ certification is based on successfully passing three exams - Computing Fundamentals, Key Applications and Living Online.

IC³ is the ideal starting point for anyone interested in learning computer and Internet basics. The program gives individuals sufficient Internet and computing literacy skills to enter current job markets or begin higher education programs.

Global, broad-based IC³ Certification verifies that candidates possess the accepted standard level of basic computer and Internet literacy and are more efficient and marketable. Successful completion of IC³ provides core skills and knowledge necessary to use some computer applications and the Internet. The course effectively tests computing knowledge and skills to ensure mastery is achieved and gives a resume-building standard certification as proof of successful completion of the program. IC³ Certification provides the foundation necessary to further enhance productivity and marketability with other desktop application-specific certifications and gives individuals confidence and security in being part of today's "digital world".

For more information visit

Laura Wood

Senior Manager

Research and Markets

Fax: +353 1 4100 980


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Researchers continues to make the basic building blocks of Quantum Computers.

(PRWEB) December 19, 2003

Research and Markets announces the addition of this new report entitled "Quantum Computing: Prospects and Pitfalls" to its offerings.

This report examines the current state of the technologies aimed at making quantum computers, organizes key issues and puts them in context, and succinctly explains how the technologies work.

Quantum computers, which use attributes of particles like photons, electrons and atoms to compute, would be fantastically fast for certain types of very large problems, including searching large databases and factoring the large numbers whose solutions would render today's encryption useless.

The report lays out the technologies researchers are using to make the basic building blocks of quantum computers -- qubits -- and to connect qubits into quantum computer architectures. These technologies include ion traps, semiconductor impurities, superconductor circuits, quantum dots, neutral atom optical traps, linear optics, nuclear magnetic resonance, molecular magnets, spectral hole burning devices, and Wigner crystals.

Scientists are also at work on software algorithms aimed to enable quantum architectures to solve certain types of problems many orders of magnitude faster than the fastest classical computers.

The report includes an executive summary, a list of 16 developments to look for as these cutting-edge technologies take shape, and a section of 52 researchers to watch, including links to their Web pages. It also includes a quick tour of 68 recent developments in six areas and a section of 52 in-depth news stories.

The stories are organized into nine categories quantum computing schemes, qubits, logic gates, computer architectures, tools and resources, storage, communications, algorithms and Theory.

For a complete index of this report click on

About Research and Markets Ltd.

Research and Markets Ltd. are Europe's largest resource for market research. R&M distribute thousands of major research publications from the world's leading publishers, consultants and market analysts. R&M provide you with the latest forecasts on international and regional markets, key industries, the top companies, new products and the latest market trends.

For additional information on, their range of reports or their value-added services, visit their web site at or



The Basic Features One Should Consider When Choosing A Laptop

(PRWEB) November 3, 2004

Laptops are the natural evolution in the ever changing world of the computer. The improvement of technology has allowed the computer to shrink from being as big as a house, to the size of book.

Their compactness, and portability make it particularly useful to the professional, the person on the go, and the student. However, laptops can get rather expensive so one should take care to choose a laptop with the right amount of features, but not so many that they needlessly inflate the price.

Here are some basic features that must be considered: there's weight and size, display, input devices, batteries, hard-drive, CD-DVD ROM, RAM, CPU's, modems, and ports.

When it comes to weight and size, one must consider that the bigger a laptop is, the heavier it is. A small enough size should be chosen, but not so small that it's uncomfortable. The smaller the laptop, the more awkward it will be to type on that tiny keyboard.

The display, or screen, is directly tied in to the size of the laptop. One should choose the biggest display possible. Also, a decision has to be made between Active, and Passive Matrix.

Active Matrix is more expensive, but is recommended since pictures come out sharper and moving images play out smoother. Passive Matrix is cheaper, but the picture quality is not as good.

Next comes the batteries. There are 3 main types: Li, NiMH, NiCad. What those letters stand for is not important. All one needs to know is to always choose Li since they are higher quality, and provide a longer life. However, they are slightly more expensive. If one is strapped for money, then NiMH is acceptable. They're slightly cheaper, but must be recharged every hour or so. Under no circumstances should NiCad be chosen. They're extremely low quality, and have no staying power.

Next is the hard-drive. Most laptops start with at least 4.3 gigabytes, or GB, of hard drive space. However, more may be gotten if it's perceived to be needed.

Next is the CD-DVD Drive. To be honest, a laptop doesn’t really need either one. But at least one should be added since most software comes in CD form nowadays. If a DVD-ROM drive is chosen, then a CD-ROM drive won't be needed since a DVD-ROM drive can read CD-ROMs.

Next is the RAM, or Random Access Memory. This is the Short Term Memory of you computer. How much does a laptop need? The simple answer is about 32 megabytes, or MB, of RAM, but 64 is highly recommended. This is due to the fact that laptops are difficult to upgrade. Because of this, one might as well get more then they’ll currently need, and look ahead.

Next is the "brain" otherwise known as the CPU, or Central Processing Unit. The CPU contains all the programs run on a computer. At least 233 MHz in processing speed for a laptop is suggested. There are many types of CPU's but just make sure the laptop that is chosen has one.

Lastly, but definitely not least, comes the modems and ports.

The modem allows one to access the Internet. This is important if the laptop will be used to surf the Web, and send email. There are two primary types of modems used with laptops. There’s the Internal modem, and the PC card-based modem. Internal modems are easier to hook up, and they’re becoming more and more common. PC card-based modems stick out of a computer. Their advantage is that they can be replaced if upgrades to a faster one are needed.

Next are the ports. Ports are where the peripherals are applied, such as microphones, cameras, and extra memory. What type of ports do most laptops have? Currently, all laptops feature a serial, a parallel, an infrared, and a universal serial bus (USB) port. The reason why there’re so many different types of ports is because the peripheral equipment corresponds with different types of ports.

That's it. Those are the basics that one should consider when purchasing a laptop. Utilizing the above information, more informed decisions can be made to acquire a laptop with suitable features that meet a users needs.

About The Author

Eliu Cordova is an avid computer enthusiast, entrepreneur, and author. His website, can be used as a resource for helping you decide which laptops are right for you. He can be reached at

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